Romantic Period


The Romantic movement synthesized themes of individualism and self-expression across literature, art and music. In Romantic opera, this new emphasis on emotional revelation found its voice in more expressive harmony, techniques such as leitmotiv, and a closer approach to equality between vocal and instrumental elements.


Boris Godounov

Mussorgsky – 1874



Bizet – 1875


The Ring of the Nibelung

Wagner – 1876


The Tales of Hoffmann

Offenbach – 1881


Hansel and Gretel

Humperdinck – 1893



Verdi – 1871


La boheme

Puccini – 1896


Pelleas et Melisande

Claude Debussy – 1902